Houston Center for Infectious Diseases provides the following vaccines to prevent Measles:
MMR: contains measles, mumps, and Rubella combination vaccines
MMRV: contains measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella (chickenpox) combination vaccines
Measles is a contagious disease that is caused by a virus. Measles virus is highly contagious virus and spreads through the air through coughing and sneezing. Measles can be prevented with vaccination.Anyone born during or after 1957, who has never had measles or has never been vaccinated, is at risk for measles. They should get at least one dose of the MMR vaccine. Two doses are recommended for adults at higher risk, such as students in college, trade school, and training programs; international travelers; and healthcare professionals.
If you are not sure if you are protected against measles, first try to find your vaccination records or documentation of measles immunity. If you do not have written documentation of measles immunity, you should get MMR vaccine. Another option is to have a doctor test your blood to determine whether you’re immune, but this is likely to cost more and will take two doctor’s visits. There is no harm in getting another dose of MMR vaccine if you may already be immune to measles.
Women who are planning to become pregnant should make sure they are protected against measles before they get pregnant. Most women of childbearing age were vaccinated as children with the MMR vaccine, but they should confirm this with their doctor. If they need to get vaccinated for measles, they should avoid becoming pregnant until one month (28 days) after receiving the MMR vaccine.
Pregnant women who are not protected against measles should wait until after they have given birth to get MMR vaccine.